Single parents everywhere can breathe a sigh of relief, new research shows that children are equally happy whether they live with one parent or two. UK researchers presented their findings at the British Sociological Association conference last week, providing some interesting insights into the factors that affect happiness and wellbeing in children. Among their findings; children were equally happy, whether they lived with two biological parents, a step-parent or only one parent.
The Millenium Cohort study analysed data from almost 13 000 seven year old children and nearly 3 000 11 to 15 year olds, and found that their levels of happiness were exactly the same no matter what kind of family structure they lived in. Of the seven year olds, 64% reported being happy sometimes, 36% said they were happy all the time. In a press release, NatCen Social Research senior researcher Jenn Chanfreau said, “Family type had no significant effect on the happiness of the children.” Interestingly, even kids with a disabled parent were equally happy.
Far more important was the quality of their social relationships, their relationships with their siblings and things like TV and even takeaways in moderation. What mattered was having fun with family over weekends and generally warm, supportive and playful family relationships. These results suggest that it is the quality of the parenting that matters, not the quantity.
These findings contradict many previous studies which paint an overall negative picture of children with single parents being at a higher risk for juvenile delinquency, conduct disorders, emotional problems and a host of other negative outcomes.
This study should be comforting to the many South African single parents, most recent figures indicate that only 33% of South African children live with both biological parents.
Read the full report at:http://www.natcen.ac.uk/media/205352/predictors-of-wellbeing.pdf
British Sociological Association, News Release, 24 April 2014
The Children’s Institute: Demography – Children living with parents October 2013
Statistics South Africa (2003-2010). General Household Survey 2002-2009 Metadata. Cape Town, Pretoria: Statistics South Africa