Before couples look for ways of coping or dealing with infertility, it is important that they understand the term -infertility’. By definition, infertility means -the inability to conceive after a period of trying’. This means that couples, who have tried to conceive a child for a number of months and have been unsuccessful, are considered to be infertile.
What causes infertility?
Infertility can be caused by a number of factors, such as:
- The use of sexual lubricants which affect the male’s sperm;
- Not having enough sexual intercourse;
Lifestyle choices can also lead to infertility, and these include,
- The heavy use of drugs and alcohol and smoking;
- Fad diets or anorexia;
- Men who wear tight or restricting underwear which causes the crotch temperature to increase and the sperm count to decrease;
The good news is that most of these causes are easily rectified and sometimes simply changing the timing of sexual intercourse or the sexual position will solve all infertility problems. There are other ways to improve the chances of conception, it may mean the cutting back on alcohol consumption or to quit smoking, or following a healthy diet (well balanced diet) and a moderate exercising plan.
However there are cases where the cause of infertility in both males and females is more serious and these causes may include:
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). This is among the most common causes of infertility. PID is an infection of the pelvis or in the women’s reproductive organs, such as the cervix, uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes. PID is a serious condition and couples will be required to undergo medical intervention. PID is caused by a bacterial infection which stems from childbirth, a ruptured appendix or an abortion.
- Endometriosis is one of the other most common causes of infertility among females. Endometriosis is where parts of the uterine lining in the vagina, ovaries or pelvis grow into cysts and eventually blister and scar. These scars lead to a blockage and the egg is unable to pass through, which means it cannot be fertilized.
- Various illnesses, like diabetes or kidney disease can lead to sterility. While certain medications, including, antidepressants, pain fillers and hormones can cause temporary infertility.
Although many of these female infertility problems or causes can be rectified, medical intervention is required.
When it comes to infertility among males, the most common reason is a low sperm count, or a sperm which is of a low quality. When sperm is of a poor quality, the sperm is unable to move quickly enough or it cannot move in the right direction. Reasons for the low sperm count or sperm which is of a low quality may have been caused by mumps, a defect suffered at birth or testicle injury.
Male infertility may also be as a result of impotence, or premature ejaculation; however these problems can be treated and rectified easily.
If you have been trying to conceive for a number of months and have had no success, it may be wise to explore the causes of infertility and establish whether or not the above causes are in fact the cause of infertility. Usually couples who suspect infertility are over anxious and this leads to stress. Rather focus on enjoying the pleasure of making love and let nature take its cause!
– Kathy Baron